Volume 6
SynOpen is published in 4 issues per year.
eISSN: 2509-9396

Laurence Harwood, Reading, UK

Senior Director
Susanne Haak, Stuttgart

Publisher Information
Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart or
P.O. Box 301120, 70451 Stuttgart
Phone: +49 711 8931 744
Fax: +49 711 8931 777

Editorial staff at Georg Thieme Verlag is available via:
V.i.S.d.P.: Dr. Michael Binanzer, Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart

Open Access Copyright and Licensing
Articles in SynOpen are published under a CC-BY-NC-ND license. This means that everyone is free to copy, share and transmit the articles, provided that an article is fully credited as the original source and that it is for non-commercial use. However, the work may not be altered, transformed, built upon or be used for commercial purposes. Thieme will endeavor to ensure maximum dissemination of papers and to protect the authorʼs rights against misuse such as plagiarism. For this reason we ask authors to transfer on a non-exclusive basis copyright to Thieme upon receipt of the final proofs of their article. This includes, for the duration of the statutory term of copyright protection and throughout the world, the full rights to use the paper (including excerpts thereof) within SynOpen or separate to it, on a commercial or non-commercial basis, linked to other works or papers, audio-visual accompanying materials or interactive products or services, including the transfer to third parties (e.g., under license agreements, etc.), in particular the non-exclusive right to use all editions/updates for the following purposes:
- reproduction and distribution in printed form, in particular as a journal article, article in a chemistry textbook or other type of book directed towards a specific target group of readers, pocketbook, special edition for secondary markets or special customers, brochure, supplement, anthology, etc.;
- reproduction and distribution in the form of electronic media (e.g., magnetic tape, CD-ROM, CDI, DVD, electronic paper or chips, e-book, RAM, hard disk, USB-based storage media, etc.), making available to the public (e.g. the Internet, intranets or other wired or wireless data networks), in particular by displaying such data on stationary or mobile visual display units, screens, personal digital assistants, mobile phones, smart phones or other receiver terminals by download (e.g., as an epub, app or PDF file) or retrieval in any other form;
- transmission or adaptation of the paper into or in any other language, dialects or versions (in particular, as a podcast, audio book, or other image or sound carriers, etc.), transmission through television, cable or satellite TV, radio or by means of other audio-visual media, renting or lending, storage in an electronic archive, including storage in connection with indexation, key word search or any other search and additional functions, usage for types of use not as yet known and for any other rights used by collecting societies as provided in their articles and allocation plans, provided that the transfer of such rights is permissible under the relevant provisions and applicable law; you also assign to Thieme all statutory royalty claims under §§ 44 a et seq. Urheberrechtsgesetz (German Copyright Law) insofar Thieme mandates a collecting society to administer such rights jointly for authors and publishers.

Thieme is entitled, but not obliged, to use the rights specified in the aforesaid sections and may adapt the paper for this. Thieme will take the authorsʼ and co-authorsʼ legitimate interests into account in this respect. The moral rights in connection with the paper shall remain with the authors and co-authors.
Furthermore, as they grant non-exclusive rights of use to Thieme immediately after the paper is published in SynOpen, they may deposit the paper on their personal website as well as on institutional or subject-related repositories.

For Users in the USA
Authorization of photocopy items for internal or personal use, or the internal or personal use of specific clients, is granted by Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York for libraries and other users registered with the Copyright Clearance Center (CCC) Transactional Reporting Service;
For reprint information in the USA, please contact:

Product Names
Product names which are in fact registered trademarks may not have been specifically designated as such in every case. In cases where a product has been referred to by its registered trademark it cannot be concluded that the name used is public domain. The same applies to labels, names or other signs.

Manuscript Submission
Manuscript submissions will be processed exclusively online via Please concult the Instructions for Authors before compiling a new manuscript. The current version and the Word templates for manuscript preparation are available for download at

Personal PDF
The corresponding author will receive a PDF file for personal use. The personal PDF can be posted on the following types of repository: individual, institutional, subject-related.

The scientific content of this journal is available online through Thieme-connect,

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Phone: + 49 711 8931 346

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Production Management
Phone: +49 711 8931 781
Fax: +49 711 8931 744

Ownership & Copyright
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